Kalyan Knowledge Guide


In pre-independent India, the British Raj spelled Kalyan as Kallian, Cullian, Callian and sometimes as Callianee. Over the centuries, the city has seen attacks by various foreign armies, including the Mughal, the Portuguese and the British. The Marathas were held in high regard by the locals for being their only line of defense against invasions.Walter Hamilton, a foreign visitor passing through India, described Callianee as follows in his 1820 book A Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Description of Hindustan, and the Adjacent Counties, Volume 2 on page 150: Anandi Gopal Joshi, from Kalyan, along with Kadambini Ganguly, was one of the first two Indian women to obtain a degree in Western medicine. An 1886 graduate, Joshi is also believed to be the first Hindu woman to set foot on American soil.