Top 15 archaeological sites of India 6

15th Mar 20
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Ashwin, an Indian Nomad

In the land of architectural marvels, understanding this subject is not so easy. However, if you see it from the lens of a guide, and people who have dedicated their lives to studying Indian architecture, things get much clear, the mind is filled with imaginations. These monuments are the spectacular archaeological sites of India.

From the opulent mausoleum named Taj Mahal to Rock-cut temples of Belur. You will appreciate the work of the ancestors and be astonished at their handiwork. Be it Garden Tombs created by the Mughal Emperors or the majestic forts of Rajasthan, the oldest stone structures stand to mesmerize to date.

We know that their diversity might get overwhelming and so we have created a magnificent list that covers 15 best archaeological sites in dating as far as the Indus Valley Civilization. All of these sites are maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) Have a look:

Here are some carefully chosen top 15 arachaelogical sites of India which are going to leave you spellbound.

1. The Mysterious Ajanta Caves Of Maharashtra (Western India)

Home to the largest single monolithic excavation in the world, the Ajanta Caves are the spectacular embodiment of Indian rock-cut architecture. It consists of 34 caves depicting the religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.


2. The Lost Ruins Of Vijayanagara Empire - Hampi, Karnataka (South India)

Also known as World’s Largest Open-air museum, Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage site with about 500 ancient monuments. The site of a flourishing Vijayanagara empire, its first historical record of settlement dates back to 1 C.E.


3. The Konark Temple - An Ode To Sun God - Odisha (East India)

Standing at a whopping height of 100-feet, the Konark Temple is the finest example of Kalinga-style architecture. Resembling a gigantic chariot with wheels and seven rearing horses, it is also known as ‘Black Pagoda’ , and is dedicated to Hindu Sun God, Surya.


4. The Iron Pillar Of Delhi (North India)

Standing roughly at a height of 24 feet, the Great Iron Pillar of Delhi is an ancient engineering marvel. Believed to be about 1600 years old, the pillar has stood the test of time and remains unscathed without any signs of corrosion.

Iron Pillar.jpeg

5. Bhimbetka Shelter, The Cave Paintings From Mesolithic Era, Madhya Pradesh (Central India)

Comprising of an astonishing 600 caves, the Bhimbetka Shelter is believed to be more than 12,000 years old. The paintings inside the caves that depict the everyday activities of our ancestors, have valiantly persisted for such a long time.


6. Khajuraho Temples - The Art Of Sensuality, Madhya Pradesh (Central India)

The epitome of Nagora-style temple architecture, Khajuraho group of monuments and temples are captivating in entirety. An incredible complex made completely out of sandstone, it consists of 22 intricately designed temples dedicated to various Hindu deities.


7. Rani Ki Vav - The Mysterious Step Well Of Patan, Gujarat (Western India)

Graced by more than 1000 intricately designed sculptures, the Rani Ki Vav stepwell is one of the most magnificent sites in India. About 30 meters deep, it has a mysterious 30 km long tunnel that leads to the nearby town of Sidhpur.


8. Chand Baori - Another Mysterious Stepwell Of Rajasthan (Western India)

A 100 feet deep with about 3,500 steps, the Chand Baori stepwell is the deepest in the world. Resembling a 13-story building, it enchanting and awe-inspiring design attracts thousands of tourists across the globe.


9. Sanchi Stupa - An Ode To Buddha, Madhya Pradesh (Central India)

Standing at a height of about 22 meters, the Stupa of Sanchi is the oldest stone structure in India. Believed to be housing the original relics of Gautama Buddha, it dates back to the Gupta period and it holds a significant place in the Buddhist community.


10. Taj Mahal - An Epic Symbol Of Love (North India)

22 years, 20,000 labourers, 1000 elephants and 32 Million rupees were used to make the Taj Mahal. There is a long standing myth that the emperor ordered to cut-off the hands of the artisans to avoid making a copy. A UNESCO World Heritage site, it is considered as the symbol of love.


11. The Brihadeeshwar Temple (South India)

Standing at a height of 200 feet, the Brihadeeshwara temple is one of the most iconic temples in India. Made entirely out of Granite, it is believed that about 131,000 tons of granite was used to build this temple.


12. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai (South India)

Believed to be more than 2,500 years old, the Meenakshi temple of Madhurai a treat to eyes. With more than 33,000 sculptures carved upon its towers, the temple is visited by apporximately 15,000 visitors everyday.


13. Tiruchirappalli (Trichy) (South India)

Known for its Trichinopoly cigars, Tiruchirapalli is a popular tourist destination. Home to the famous Rockfort temple, it was awarded as one of the cleanest cities in India in the year 2017.


14. Belur, Karnataka (South India)

One of the early capitals of the ancient Hoysala empire, Belur is a popular tourist destination known for the famous temple complex of Chennakeshava temple, Keshava temple and the Hoysaleswara temple.


15. Forts of Rajasthan - Western India

Establishing royalty in its wake, Rajasthan is home to numerous forts and palaces. The official residences of various Rajputs families, they stand unscathed till this day successfully maintaining their glory and grandeur. From hills forts of Mehrangarh and Chittor to the elegance of City Palace, Rajasthan leaves no stone unturned when it comes to exemplifying regal charms.


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